SPORANGIA: height 1 to1.5 mm., more or less obovoid or turbinate, stalked, erect, white above and brown or reddish brown below, sometimes free of lime in the upper part and then yellowish; lid white, convex, often well developed; sporangial wall thin, yellow, firmer and darker below, usually with lime in the upper part.
STALK: cylindrical, plicate, translucent, reddish brown, 0.3 to 0.5 mm. long, rising from a circular hypothallus.
CAPILLITIUM: of large irregular, white lime nodes, rarely yellow, connected by threads with flattened expansions at the axils, often with a prominent pseudo-columella.
SPORES: Violet-brown, minutely warted, 7-9 µm in diameter.
ECOLOGY: On dead leaves and twigs, sometimes on wood.
DISTRIBUTION: Cosmopolitan, known from Auckland and Taupo.