SPORANGIA: Sporangia total height 1 to 5 mm., gregarious, stalked, nodding, subglobose or depressed, often umbilicate above and sometimes below, brown or brownish purple, 0.5 to 0.7 mm. diam. Sporangial wall forming a net with nearly square meshes, composed of numerous rigid, longitudinal ribs, connected by slender, transverse threads, often breaking up into an irregular net at the top; calyculus usually rudimentary or lacking, sometimes well developed.
STALK: subulate, bent or twisted at the slender top, dark brown or purplish brown, two to eight times the height of the sporangium.
SPORES: Pale reddish or purplish, 5 - 7 µm diam., nearly smooth, usually with one or more large, dark, plasmodic granules on the spore wall.
HABITAT: On dead wood.
DISTRIBUTION: Cosmopolitan, known from Auckland, Taranaki, Bay of Plenty, Buller, Dunedin and Southland.